Auktion Nr. 138

Antike und moderne Münzen (Lose 1-1210)
Das Live bidding startet am 03. März 2024 ab 17:00 Uhr

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Münzen der Griechen
KINGS OF LYDIA. Kroisos (Circa 560-546 BC). Siglos. Sardes.

Obv: Confronted foreparts of lion and bull.
Rev: Two incuse square punches.

GRPC S3; SNG Kayhan 1024-6; SNG von Aulock 2877-9; Rosen 665.

Condition: Good very fine.

Weight: 5.33 g.
Diameter: 16 mm.

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Münzen der Griechen
CILICIA. Nagidos. Stater (Circa 385/4-375 BC).

Obv: Aphrodite seated left, holding phiale over altar to left; to right, Eros standing left, crowning her with wreath.
Rev: NAΓIΔEΩ / N.
Dionysos standing left, holding grape bunch on vine and thyrsos; to left, A within wreath.

Casabonne Type 5; Lederer 26; SNG BN 21 var. (control mark); SNG Levante -.

Condition: Good very fine.

Weight: 10.62 g.
Diameter: 25 mm.

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Münzen der Griechen
PHOENICIA. Tyre. Shekel (126/5 BC-AD 65/6). Shekel. Dated CY 50 (77/6 BC).

Obv: Laureate head of Melkart right, lion skin around neck.
Rev: TVPOV IEPAΣ KAI AΣVΛOV.
Eagle standing left, on prow of galley, and with palm on wing; to left, LN above club; Δ to right, Phoenician B between legs.

DCA 919; HGC 10, 357.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 14.35 g.
Diameter: 28 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Provinz
★ Ma’nu VIII of Osrhoene ★
MESOPOTAMIA. Edessa. Lucilla (Augusta, 164-182). Drachm. Under Ma’nu VIII Philoromaios (King of Osrhoene, 167-179).

Obv: ΛOΥΚΙΛΛΑ ϹΕΒΑϹΤΗ.
Draped bust right.
Rev: ΒΑϹΙΛΕΥϹ ΜΑΝΝΟϹ ΦΙΛΟΡωΜΑ.
Veiled Ceres/Demeter(?) standing left, holding patera and long torch.

RPC IV.3 online 6488 (4 specimens); BMC 8.

Very rare. Ma’nu VIII, son of Ma’nu VII, took the throne of Osrhoene after Lucius Vero’s army, led by Avidius Cassius, succeeded in defeating Vologases IV, king of the Parthians. His name appears on a very rare series of silver coins bearing the effigy of Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Vero, Faustina II or Lucilla on the obverse.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 2.68 g.
Diameter: 18 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Republik
★ Gallic Trophy ★
JULIUS CAESAR. Denarius (46-45 BC). Military mint traveling with Caesar in Spain.

Obv: Diademed and draped bust of Venus left, with star in hair and small Cupidus on shoulder; lituus to left, sceptre to right.
Rev: CAESAR.
Trophy of Gallic arms, holding a shield and carnyx in each hand; on left, kneeling bearded male captive seated left, looking right; on right, seated female captive right, resting head in hand.

Crawford 468/2; CRI 59; RBW 1640.

Condition: Good very fine.

Weight: 3.84 g.
Diameter: 18 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
NERO (54-68). GOLD Aureus. Rome.

Obv: NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS.
Laureate head right.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS.
Jupiter seated left, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

RIC 52; Calicó 412.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 7.28 g.
Diameter: 20 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
★ Attractive Nero ★
NERO (54-68). GOLD Aureus. Rome.

Obv: IMP NERO CAESAR AVGVSTVS.
Laureate head right.
Rev: IVPPITER CVSTOS.
Jupiter seated left on throne, holding thunderbolt and sceptre.

RIC² 63; Calicó 413.

Certified by NGC 663808081-004 After the death of his mother Agrippina in 59 and prefect Burro in 62, the praetorian prefects Fenio Rufus and Ofonius Tigellinus became closer to the emperor, contributing to the resentment towards him, as they pandered to Nero’s every vice and excess. Tacitus and Suetonius in particular report how indignant the Senate was. Military successes in Britannia and Armenia did not earn the emperor much favour and in 64 he had to face the famous fire that destroyed part of the city. Inevitably, conspiracies against him followed, the most famous of which was that of Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso, which involved eminent personalities, including the prefect Fenius Rufus, the writer Seneca, the poet Lucanus, the philosopher Paetus and even the general Corbulo, who had achieved success in Armenia. Nero attributed the merit of having survived this conspiracy to divine intervention, in particular to Jupiter Custos (=Guardian), depicted on the reverse of this aureus.

Condition: Near extremely fine.

Weight: 7.23 g.
Diameter: 17 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
★ Judaea Capta ★
VESPASIAN (69-79). GOLD Aureus. Rome. „Judaea Capta“ issue.

Obv: IMP CAESAR VESPASIANVS AVG.
Laureate head right.
Rev: IVDAEA.
Judaea seated right, with head resting upon hand in attitude of mourning; trophy to left.

RIC² 1; Hendin 6492; Calicó 643.

Before becoming emperor, Vespasian made a career distinguishing himself in the invasion of Britain (43-44), then as consul in 51 and proconsul in Africa in 63. But his most important assignment came in 67, when he was sent to Judea to suppress the ‚First Jewish Revolt‘. Religious hatred began to spread when, in 40, Caligula ordered a statue of him to be placed in the temple in Jerusalem. The prince died shortly afterwards, so the revolt was only postponed and exploded in 66 due, according to Flavius Josephus, to the mismanagement of the Roman procurators, especially of Gessius Florus, guilty of stealing money from the temple treasury. Vespasian, with a 60,000-strong contingent, had control of the country within a year and was preparing to march on Jerusalem when, on hearing the news of Nero’s death, he interrupted military operations to support Galba and recognise him as emperor.

Condition: Very fine.

Weight: 7.17 g.
Diameter: 19 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
★ Extremely Rare Type ★
HADRIAN (117-138). GOLD Aureus. Rome.

Obv: HADRIANVS AVG COS III P P.
Bare-headed bust right, with slight drapery.
Rev: IVSTITIA AVG.
Justitia seated left, holding patera and sceptre.

RIC² 2212; Calicó 1281-2 var. (bust type).

Condition: Good fine.

Weight: 7.23 g.
Diameter: 19 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
★ Unpublished Argenteus ★
MAXIMIANUS HERCULIUS (First reign, 286-305). Argenteus. Serdica.

Obv: D N MAXIMIANO B S AVG.
Laureate and mantled bust right, holding branch and mappa.
Rev: PROVID • DEORVM QVIES AVGG / S – F / A / •SM•SD•.
Providentia standing right, extending hand to Quies standing left, holding branch and sceptre.

RIC -, cf. 10b (Aureus); RSC -; cf. NAC 46, lot 691 (with officina B); cf. Gorny & Mosch 180, lot 431 (same).

Condition: Extremely fine.

Weight: 3.19 g.
Diameter: 20 mm.

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Münzen der Römischen Kaiser
★ Constantine III ★
CONSTANTINE III (407-411). Siliqua. Treveri.

Obv: D N CONSTANTINVS P F AVG.
Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right.
Rev: VICTORIA AAAVGGG / TRMS.
Roma seated left on cuirass, holding Victory standing on globe and reversed spear.

RIC 1532.

Very rare. Ex Fritz Rudolf Künker 288 (2017), lot 922. Flavius Claudius Constantinus was a usurper who ruled Gaul between 407 and 411. In fact, the Emperor Honorius also associated him with the throne, and later fought and defeated him. The Roman army of Britain, abandoned by Honorius, elected as emperor Constantine, a simple soldier who made himself believe he was a descendant of Constantine the Great, claiming this false genealogy through his sons, whom he renamed Constans and Julian. Constantine III initially defeated Varus, Stilicho’s lieutenant sent by Honorius, then succeeded in securing the Rhine frontier with victories and military treaties and by placing garrisons between Gaul and Italy. In 408 he placed the prefect of the praetorium in Arelate, of which he made his capital, then achieved important victories against the Vandals and extended his rule into Spain. Constantine was still threatened by Honorius, who was reorganising in Italy, and by the revolt in Spain in favour of the emperor.He managed to defeat and kill Verenian and Didymus, cousins of Honorius, and demanded recognition of his title of augustus. Honorius granted him the consulship and recognised him as a colleague. In 409 Constantine faced an uprising in Britain and promised to help the emperor against Alaric’s Visigoths who were penetrating Italy, thus being appointed co-emperor. With the excuse of helping Honorius, Constantine conspired against him and crossed the Alps, but was forced to return to Arelate, facing the army of Gerontius, who invaded Gaul in 411 and killed Constans. On the death of Alaric, Honorius sent Magister Constantius (future Constantius III) to Gaul, who besieged Arelate and finally had Constantine III and his youngest son Julian killed.

Condition: Extremely fine; edge fault.

Weight: 1.54 g.
Diameter: 17 mm.

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Münzen des Byzantinischen Reiches
★ Rare Basilikon ★
JOHN V PALAEOLOGUS (1341-1391). Basilikon. Constantinople.

Obv: IC – XC.
Half-length figure of John V, holding cross potent and globus cruciger, above figure of Christ with hands outstretched.
Rev: TIMΔ ANΔPONIK / Γ/O/A.
St. Demetrius, holding cross before chest, and John, orans, standing facing.

DOC 944; LBC 846; Sear 2474 (Andronicus III).

When his father, Andronicus III, died, John had not yet turned ten years old. Hence to rule would be his mother Anne of Savoy, opposed by John Cantacuzenus, the able ‚megas domestikos‘ who had ‚de facto‘ ruled up to that time. Another civil war thus loomed for Constantinople, already struggling to face external enemies. While in Greece, Anna had Cantacuzenus declared a „public enemy“ who, in response, accepted the title of emperor given to him by the troops. On his side were the Hesychasts, Thessaly, Epirus, Aetolia and the Seljuk Turks, while Serbia supported the emperor and his mother. This bloody civil war ended up increasingly disfavoring the empire, which lost several regions to the Serbs and Turks, until Anna surrendered in 1347 and John Cantacuzenus was crowned in Constantinople, with the agreement that he would reign alone until John V came of age. The empire was now tired and worn out, flanked by the powerful Serbian kingdom of Stephan Dusan. Once John V grew up he appealed to the Venetians to get rid of the Cantacuzenus, which put Constantinople even deeper in debt. And the situation worsened when the Ottoman Turks conquered Callipolis and threatened the capital. The last chance for salvation was Pope Innocent VI, to whom John V wrote a letter in which he made the impossible promise of converting all the Byzantine people to the Roman Catholic apostolic faith. Upon the pontiff’s refusal, John V then asked for help from Hungary’s King Louis the Great, resulting in another failure due to the Christian king’s huge demands. Moreover, on his return he was attacked by the Bulgarians and only a crusade led by his cousin Amadeus of Savoy could save him. Eventually Constantinople and Bulgaria became vassals of the Ottomans, who had also taken Macedonia. An internal revolt forced John V to accept vassalage to the Ottomans, and to split the empire, recognizing Andronicus IV and Manuel II as his legitimate successors. He died of gout in 1391, a few years before the fall of the empire.

Condition: Good very fine.

Weight: 1.13 g.
Diameter: 18 mm.

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